Welcome back to the Master A Budget Series! We are now on Day 6. Yesterday, we talked about Budget Categories and Percentages; today, you will learn about Emergency Fund and Sinking Funds.
Let’s dive in.
I think you will agree with me when I say that life is full of surprises, both good and bad. I would not mind it if it is good all the time, however, what if it is bad?
Well, nothing we can do to prevent that. We can always whine and complain about which won’t do any good. Or we can always do something to prepare for it.
As Murphy’s Law says, “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong,” therefore we always need to have a plan.
That’s where emergency fund and sinking fund come in.
Some may question the necessity of an emergency fund. After all, is it really necessary? How do you go about it? Does it need to be a huge amount?
Here are some ideas and suggestions that should help answer these questions.
Is an Emergency Fund Necessary?
Generally speaking, yes, an emergency fund is necessary. What form it takes can vary, but it is a good idea to have an emergency fund. Such a fund can help you avoid high-interest debt, and it helps reduce stress.
After all, as I have mentioned earlier, life is full of surprises and many of them are sudden and not good. By having that “cushion” can help you feel ready and calm.
How Do You Go about Creating an Emergency Fund?
First, determine your expenses. Look at three to six months’ worth of living costs and count on saving that much in a fund. This can help you keep your standard of living for a time if you lose your job, or it can cover a large expense such as vehicle repair.
Then determine how long it will take you to save that much and how much you have to take out of your paycheck each month to reach that goal.
Once you’ve determined how much you need to save and how long it will take to save it, it’s a good idea to change your mentality to put payments into the emergency fund before you pay for anything else.
If you can do it by automatic deduction, go for it – see if you can have a portion of your paycheck taken out and put into a savings account. Otherwise, make it a habit to put money in your savings first and foremost, and then take care of your other expenses after.
What If You Have Low Income?
Even if you have low income, you can set aside something each month. Try saving a percentage of your income, such as 5 or 10 percent. It may take you longer, but it will accumulate.
Does It Have to Be Huge?
In short, no. An emergency fund does not have to be massive – but it certainly should cover unexpected expenses. Learn more about the emergency fund by checking out Do You Really Need An Emergency Fund?
An Emergency Fund is a saving that will cover unexpected expenses that need to be taken care of immediately. But, how about those expenses that are expected? This type of expenses will be taken care of by Sinking Funds.
Another type of savings that you should have is the Sinking Fund. Sinking Fund is a saving strategy in which you set aside a little amount each month to prepare for larger purchase in the future.
Why Do I Need A Sinking Fund?
You might be questioning the need for a sinking fund if you are already saving. However, your savings might not last long if you don’t know what you’re saving for. You might not even know if you have enough.
By having a Sinking Fund, you will be:
Your washer and dryer won’t last forever. Your furnace will have its hiccups. But it’s ok because you are prepared for it.
Your sinking fund is a collection of cash intended to pay for a specific future purchase. So when it’s time to use it, you will be able to pay cash. No more swiping credit cards and be in debt. Although, I usually use my cards to earn rewards points and use the cash to pay off the balance.
Enjoy Your Purchase
When you have the fund to purchase an item or a vacation package, you will be able to enjoy it more because you know that you are not in debt by purchasing that item or package.
How Does It Work?
Starting a sinking fund is simple and easy. Start by looking at your monthly budget and determine how much you can realistically save every month.
You will then evaluate your expenses and identify the expense that you pay annually, it can be an annual gym membership, car insurance, home insurance, etc. Then divide the amount into twelve and work diligently on setting aside that amount every month.
As for things that you would not know the amount, like home repair, vacation, children’s fund, etc, set aside any amount that you want as long as it will not mess up your monthly budget.
If you only have $500 extra for savings in your monthly budget, stick to the $500.
What Can Be Included In A Sinking Fund?
You can basically include ANYTHING in your sinking funds. However, make sure you have the following:
- Home Repair Fund
- Vacation Fund
- Medical Expenses Fund
- Car Repair Fund
- Children’s Fund (if you have kids)
- Pet Fund (if you have pets)
You can also add the following:
- Holiday Fund
- Gift Fund
- Gym Membership
- Home Insurance
- Car Insurance
- Christmas Fund
- Life Insurance
- Car Replacement
- House Downpayment
There you have it!
Although emergency fund and sinking fund are both savings, the main difference rests on their purpose. An emergency fund is for purchases that are UNEXPECTED and NOT SPECIFIC while sinking fund is for purchases that are EXPECTED and SPECIFIC.
Do you have an emergency fund yet? Or sinking funds?
Now that you have learned about Emergency Fund and Sinking Fund, next up on the series is about the Best Budgeting Apps and Cash Envelopes.
If you haven’t yet, download the Master A Budget Workbook to practice what you will learn from this series.