This post may contain affiliate links, meaning I may earn a small commission at no cost to you if you make a purchase through the links.
Your guide to 518 credit score.
Lenders use your credit score to estimate your likelihood of repaying debts. The greater your credit score, the more apt you will get approved for loans and credit. This number is based on your financial situation and past payment history.
A FICO® Score of 518 is considered a POOR credit score. On the other hand, VantageScore rates a 518 credit score as VERY POOR.
It means that in the past, you’ve had trouble paying off debts you have accrued, like overdue obligations, judgments, bankruptcies, or even worse. This credit score can make it harder for you to get a credit card or financing and get the best interest rate.
Credit Scores Range
Here are the ranges of credit scores :
According to the credit score model that was developed by Fair Isaac Corporation, also known as FICO,
- Excellent: 800 to 850
- Very Good: 740 to 799
- Good: 670 to 739
- Fair: 580 to 669
- Poor: 300 to 579
And according to the other scoring model, VantageScore,
- Excellent– 750 to 850
- Good– 700 to 749
- Fair– 650 to 699
- Poor– 550 to 649
- Very Poor– 300 to 549
So is 518 a good credit score? Using the two main credit scoring models, a credit score of 518 is a POOR or VERY POOR credit score.
What Impacts Your Credit Score?
Your 518 credit score did not just happen by itself. There are past actions that you may have done or did not do that fed your credit score.
Five main factors can affect your credit score, payment history, amounts owed, credit history length, credit mix, and new credit.
Therefore, the following common actions can hurt your credit score:
- Late or missed payments
- Accounts in collection
- Little to no credit at all
- Using too much available credit or maxing out your credit card
- Applying for a lot of credit cards in a short time
- Not having a good mix of installment loans and revolving credit
What Does Not Impact Your Credit Score?
According to Experian, the following does not affect your credit score.
- Marital status
- Race or ethnicity
- Religious beliefs or affiliations
- Political affiliations
Expired financial pieces of information are also not included.
- Chapter 7 bankruptcy: 10 years
- Chapter 13 bankruptcy: 7 years
- Collection accounts: 7 years
- Late or missed payments: 7 years
- Closed credit accounts in good standing: 10 years
How Can A Credit Score Affect You?
Mortgage, auto, and personal loans are somewhat challenging to get with a 518 credit score.
Whether you’re looking for a personal loan, mortgage, auto, or credit card, credit scores in this range can make it difficult for you to get approved for unsecured credit.
It could even prevent you from renting an apartment or landing specific jobs.
And if some lenders choose to work with you, they typically charge high fees and steep interest rates.
But don’t panic; it is not the end of the world.
Credit repair is one of the best ways to rebuild your credit score and open up more opportunities.
What Does A Credit Score Of 518 Get You?
So, what is the significance of having a credit score of 518 when it comes to taking out home loans, car loans, and credit cards?
Mortgage Or Home Loan With A 518 Credit Score
In order to get a mortgage, the average credit score usually needs to be above 620. However, some lenders may work with you if your credit score is as low as 518.
If you end up with a lender that will let you borrow money, you could end up having to pay a higher interest rate than someone with a credit score higher than 518.
So, can you buy a house with a credit score of 518? It’s possible. But is it worth the extra payment?
If you want to save money in the long run, it is best to work on repairing your credit so you can get a home loan with a lower interest rate.
Auto Or Car Loan With A 518 Credit Score
Similarly, to get an auto loan, your minimum credit score should be above 620. However, some lenders may work with you if your credit score is as low as 518.
Again, if you end up with auto lenders that will work with you, you could end up having to pay an extremely high-interest rate than someone with a higher credit score.
So, can you get an auto loan with a 518 credit score? Yes, but getting a car loan with a 518 credit score is going to cost you a lot more.
If your credit score is 518 and you’re looking for an auto loan, we recommend that you work on improving your credit score first. Once your credit score is in the good or excellent range, you can start shopping for auto loans and compare rates from different lenders.
Personal Loan or Credit Card With A 518 Credit Score
Unfortunately, if you are looking to apply for a credit card with a credit score of 518, you will not qualify for an unsecured credit card.
Unsecured Credit Card
An unsecured credit card that is not backed by any collateral. In other words, the credit card company is trusting you to make your payments on time and in full each month.
To get an unsecured credit card with a credit score of 518, you will likely need to either find a secured credit card or become an authorized user on another person’s credit card account.
Secured Credit Card
A secured credit card is a credit card that is backed by a security deposit that you make with the credit card issuer. The credit limit on a secured credit card is usually equal to the amount of money that you deposit.
For example, if you deposit $500 with the credit card issuer, your credit limit will be $500.
The deposit that you make is held by the credit card issuer as collateral in case you default on your payments.
An authorized user is a person who is given permission to use another person’s credit card account.
The primary account holder is responsible for all of the charges that are made by the authorized user.
An authorized user usually has a credit limit that is set by the primary account holder.
If you are an authorized user of someone else’s credit card account, it can help improve your credit score.
The primary account holder’s payment history and credit utilization are reported to the credit agencies and will show up on your credit report.
If the primary account holder has a good payment history and low credit utilization, it will help improve your credit score.
However, if the primary account holder has a bad payment history or high credit utilization, it will hurt your credit score.
It is possible to get a personal loan with a FICO score of 518, although the interest rates will be very high and the loan amounts low.
You may be able to find a lender who specializes in subprime loans, but these come with their own risks. It’s always best to improve your credit score before applying for any type of loan.
How To Improve Credit Score?
If you have a credit score of 518, it means that you have a “poor” credit score.
Here are a few things you can do to improve a very poor credit score:
1| Evaluate Your Credit Report
Pull your credit reports from all major credit bureaus and dispute all negative, and get harmful items removed. Remember, you can get a free credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus once a year.
2| Get A Secured Credit Card
A secured card is one of the best ways to start rebuilding bad credit.
You place a security deposit in the total amount of your spending limit. The deposit reduces the issuer’s risk, making it possible to get approved no matter how low your score might be.
3| Pay On Time
Making timely payments and avoiding missed or late payments favor credit-score improvements.
Use automatic payments, phone alarms, and other automated tools to help you remember.
4| Avoid High Credit Utilization Rates
You can help your credit utilization rate by keeping your balances low, which is below 30% of your credit limit. If you can, pay off your balance each month.
5| Consider A Credit-Builder Loan
This type of loan is available from credit unions and comes in several forms. The most common one is where the credit union deposits the money you borrow in a savings account. Your money is inaccessible to you, but it earns interest.
You can access the funds plus the interest once you have paid off the loan. It can be a great way to build credit if you make on-time payments and if the lender reports to all three national bureaus.
6| Establish A Solid Credit Mix
Not that you want to be in more debt, but a mix of revolving credit and installment debt can help boost your credit score.
7| Pay Down Your Debt
Create a debt payoff plan and start paying it off if you have outstanding debt. Lowering your debt-to-income ratio can have a significant impact on your credit score.
According to Investopedia, lenders prefer a debt-to-income ratio lower than 36%, with no more than 28% of that debt going towards servicing a mortgage or rent payment.
7| Reduce Hard Credit Inquiries
Although it causes a short-term negative effect on your score, new-credit activity can still contribute up to 10% of your overall credit score. Keep hard credit inquiries to less than 3 in 24 months if you can.
8| Give It Time
Your credit score does not improve overnight. Be patient. The items that are suppressing your score need time to fall off.
Hard inquiries fall off in two years while missed payments of collection accounts in 7 years. Bankruptcies can take up to 10 years.
Doing all these by yourself can be challenging and time-consuming. But it will be all worth it. However, if you need help with repairing your credit, seek the assistance of a professional credit counseling or credit repair company.
So, Is 518 A Terrible Credit Score?
No, but it is not good either. A credit score of 518 is considered “poor.” It means that you have had past payment problems, including collection accounts, judgments, bankruptcy, or worse.
With a “poor” score, it is harder to obtain credit cards, loans, and favorable interest rates. It will have a great impact on your financial life.
So if your goal is to get a loan or a credit card with good terms, you may want to work on improving your credit score.
Credit Related Articles:
- Is 613 A Good Credit Score?
- How To Pay Off Credit Card Debt And Save Money At The Same Time
- Is 729 A Good Credit Score? (Approval Odds)
- Effective Ways To Manage Credit Card Debt
- How To Pay Off $35K in Credit Card Debt